Stages in Extension, Service- Learning and Outreach Programs

  1. Investigation. The University determines the needs in its partner community.  This is attained through conducting community needs assessment. The result of the needs assessment is converted into a research write-up to document the extent and nature of the needs in the partner community. The following are the needs assessment strategies that may be used in this stage:
    1. Existing Data Approach. Already existing statistical data is used to obtain insights about the well-being of people. This approach uses descriptive statistics such as census data, labor surveys, bank deposit data, sales tax reports, police reports, and school and hospital information to prepare an assessment report for the community.
    2. Attitude Survey Approach. Information is gathered from a representative sample of community residents about issues pertaining to their well-being. Data is collected by personal interviews, telephone surveys, hand-delivered questionnaires or mail questionnaires. Responses are generally representative of the whole community.
    3. Key Informant Approach. This approach identifies community leaders and decision makers who are knowledgeable about the community and can accurately identify priority needs and concerns. Key informants complete a questionnaire or are interviewed to obtain their impressions of community needs. The information is then analyzed and reported to the community.
    4. Community Forum. A public meeting(s) is held during which time the participants discuss what some of the needs facing the community are, what some of the priority needs are, and what can be done about these priority needs. All members of the community are encouraged to attend and express their concerns pertaining to their well-being and perceived needs.
    5. Focus Group Interview/ Discussion. A group of people selected for their particular skills, experience, views, or position are asked a series of questions about a topic or issue to gather their opinions. Group interaction is used to obtain detailed information about a particular issue.
  2. Preparation. The University through concerned departments and units present and discuss the completed research to its partner community. The University and its partner community share ideas to meet community needs and access available resources and discuss what each can do to resolve the problem.  This stage includes drafting a community development plan with a common vision, timelines for success, a project budget, etc. The University makes use of the community development plan to design an extension, service- learning, and outreach programs considering the following key result areas (KRA):
    1. Quality Health and Wellness. The community has quality and healthy life and accessible health services.
    2. Green and Clean Living. The community is an exemplar of a green and clean community evidenced by everyday environmentalist- residents.
    3. Active Governance and Engaged Citizenship. The community practices accountable, transparent, effective, and efficient governance manifested by engaged and empowered residents.
    4. Multiple Learning Opportunities. The Community has a nurturing environment for residents’ growth through expanded learning opportunities.
    5. Enriched Christian Spirituality. The community has a vibrant religious and spiritual life evidenced by its residents who are animated by communion.
    6. Sustainable Livelihood. The community is economically empowered.
  3. Action. This stage involves implementation of the approved extension, service- learning, and outreach programs. The implementation starts with the reservation of the program and has to be approved prior to its actual conduct. Regular monitoring of the program is also done in this stage.
  4. Reflection. This stage involves evaluation and impact assessment of the conducted extension, service-learning and outreach programs. The evaluation is done to improve the program while impact assessment is conducted to check the effectiveness of the program to its client.
  5. Demonstration. This stage encompasses the improvement of the program based from the results of the evaluation and impact assessment.
  6. Celebration. This stage covers withdrawal of the University’s sponsorship of the program once the sustainability of the program has been guaranteed, that is, the partner community itself could fully manage and sustain the program.